Tuesday May 11 Volleyball

This is volleyball reading is about a sport that I have played in middle school. I have watched students and friends play this game with other people, and so that’s when I have started playing/joining in with friends, by playing with my own friends. Then over the summer with my friends, we have played like a volleyball teams, we had game practices, we had real game tournaments. So, I just wanted to let people know what I had a feeling for Volleyball.

Volleyball, game played by two teams, usually of six players on a side, in which the players use their hands to bat a ball back and forth over a high net, trying to make the ball touch the court within the opponents’ playing area before it can be returned. To prevent this a player on the opposing team bats the ball up and toward a teammate before it touches the court surface—that teammate may then volley it back across the net or bat it to a third teammate who volleys it across the net. A team is allowed only three touches of the ball before it must be returned over the net.

volleyball

BRITANNICA QUIZSports Fun Facts QuizWhat sport’s equipment was found in the tomb of an Egyptian child buried about 3200 BCE? What sport originated because businessmen found the new game of basketball to be too difficult? Take this quiz to find out how many fun facts you know about the history and evolution of sports, some of them familiar and others definitely not.

History

Volleyball was invented in 1895 by William G. Morgan, physical director of the Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA) in Holyoke, Massachusetts. It was designed as an indoor sport for businessmen who found the new game of basketball too vigorous. Morgan called the sport “mintonette,” until a professor from Springfield College in Massachusetts noted the volleying nature of play and proposed the name of “volleyball.” The original rules were written by Morgan and printed in the first edition of the Official Handbook of the Athletic League of the Young Men’s Christian Associations of North America (1897). The game soon proved to have wide appeal for both sexes in schools, playgrounds, the armed forces, and other organizations in the United States, and it was subsequently introduced to other countries.

In 1916 rules were issued jointly by the YMCA and the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). The first nationwide tournament in the United States was conducted by the National YMCA Physical Education Committee in New York City in 1922. The United States Volleyball Association (USVBA) was formed in 1928 and recognized as the rules-making, governing body in the United States. From 1928 the USVBA—now known as USA Volleyball (USAV)—has conducted annual national men’s and senior men’s (age 35 and older) volleyball championships, except during 1944 and 1945. Its women’s division was started in 1949, and a senior women’s division (age 30 and older) was added in 1977. Other national events in the United States are conducted by member groups of the USAV such as the YMCA and the

Volleyball was introduced into Europe by American troops during World War I, when national organizations were formed. The Fédération Internationale de Volley Ball (FIVB) was organized in Paris in 1947 and moved to LausanneSwitzerland, in 1984. The USVBA was one of the 13 charter members of the FIVB, whose membership grew to more than 210 member countries by the late 20th century.Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content.Subscribe Now

International volleyball competition began in 1913 with the first Far East Games, in Manila. During the early 1900s and continuing until after World War II, volleyball in Asia was played on a larger court, with a lower net, and nine players on a team.

The FIVB-sponsored world volleyball championships (for men only in 1949; for both men and women in 1952 and succeeding years) led to acceptance of standardized playing rules and officiating. Volleyball became an Olympic sport for both men and women at the 1964 Olympic Games in Tokyo.

European championships were long dominated by Czechoslovakian, Hungarian, Polish, Bulgarian, Romanian, and Soviet (later, Russian) teams. At the world and Olympic level, Soviet teams have won more titles, both men’s and women’s, than those of any other nation. Their success was attributed to widespread grassroots interest and well-organized play and instruction at all levels of skill. A highly publicized Japanese women’s team, Olympic champions in 1964, reflected the interest of private industry in sport. Young women working for the sponsoring company devoted their free time to conditioning, team practice, and competition under expert and demanding coaching. Encouraged by the Japanese Volleyball Association, this women’s team made its mark in international competition, winning the World Championship in 1962, 1966, and 1967, in addition to the 1964 Olympics. At the end of the 20th century, however, the Cuban women’s team dominated both the World Championships and the Olympics.

The Pan American Games (involving South, Central, and North America) added volleyball in 1955, and BrazilMexicoCanadaCuba, and the United States are frequent contenders for top honours. In AsiaChinaJapan, and Korea dominate competition. Volleyball, especially beach volleyball, is played in AustraliaNew Zealand, and throughout the South Pacific.

A four-year cycle of international volleyball events, recommended by the FIVB, began in 1969 with World Cup championships, to be held in the year following the Olympic Games; the second year is the World Championships; in the third the regional events are held (e.g., European championships, Asian GamesAfrican Games, Pan American Games); and in the fourth year the Olympic Games.

Know about the rules and tricks of playing beach volleyball

Beach volleyball—usually played, as its name implies, on a sand court with two players per team—was introduced in California in 1930. The first official beach volleyball tournament was held in 1948 at Will Rogers State Beach, in Santa Monica, California, and the first FIVB-sanctioned world championship was held in 1986 at Rio de Janeiro. Beach volleyball was added to the roster of the 1996 Olympic Games in Atlanta, Georgia.

beach volleyball

Friday May 7 2021

Butterflies

Butterflies are thought to have evolved from moth millions of years ago and belong to the same insect group known as Lepidoptera (basically meaning that these insects have wings and that the wings have scales.)

Although moths make up the majority of the group at a ratio of about 16 to 1 to that of butterflies, there are still a very large number butterfly species. In the entire world, you can find aproximately 28,000 different butterfly species, 80% of which are found in the tropics. In North America, there are over 700 different species, and Mexico has a count of about 2000 to themselves.

It’s not too hard to tell the difference between a butterfly and a moth. The majority of butterflies stay busy looking for nectar and other nourishment throughout the day and you will more likely run into a moth at night while butterflies are resting.  Another way to know is by taking a better look at their antennae.  Butterflies have antennae that are like a long shaft with a little thicker piece at the end, similar to a golf club. Moths usually have ones that taper down to a point.

The most common butterfly that exists on our planet is the Cabbage White.  On the other end of the spectrum, the rarest butterfly know to man is the Queen Alexandra’s Birdwing, and is also the biggest. Currently, it’s habitat in the New Guinea rainforest is being destroyed and putting it’s species at risk.  Hopefully people soon realize the importance of the rainforest and it’s creatures, including (but certainly not limited to) butterflies, before it’s too late!

When I see butterflies, and the different types of butterflies then I like to maybe if they let me I will touch them. When I’m in science class I’m learning about how Natural Selection works and that how they relate to a gene for animal life.

I’m also learning about mutations. What is a mutations?

They are: A mutation is a change in a DNA sequence. Mutations can result from DNA copying mistakes made during cell division, exposure to ionizing radiation, exposure to chemicals called mutagens, or infection by viruses.

Here is another way how mutations is: In biology, a mutation is an alteration in the nucleotide sequence of the genome of an organism, virus, or extrachromosomal DNA. Viral genomes contain either DNA or RNA.

This is what an mutation is, and how they change to make DNA, that copies itself. These mutations are to protect the animals for living in the wildness.

So when you learn about animals genes, DNA, and RNA, then ask your teachers to make sure that this is what mutations are. If you’re reading this, then believe what I’m saying.

Thanks for reading this:

Cara R.

April 13 2021

Dear people who are out there reading this,

Today is going great so far and right now I’m in class at Williamsport High School I’m in 9th grade.

So, today I want to talk with the people who are out there reading this. Well I like to play guitar, I like coloring pages, I like to watch TV, I like riding my own bike, and the most important thing that I like the most is being in school. Things that I don’t like is, DOING SCHOOL WORK!!!!

Thank u for reading this,

Cara R.

Well, That Happened… — JOCELYN A DORGAN

Does My Twenty-Five-Year-Old Son Make Me Look Old? Our son, Avery, just turned twenty-five. Twenty-five! Two and a half decades! I still have vivid memories of that towheaded, blue-eyed toddler, with the ever-present grin, who was running as soon as he could walk. He called me “Mama” and displayed clever wit from the start. At […]

via Well, That Happened… — JOCELYN A DORGAN

The Caterpillar Story… — Anitas Images

Lovely butterflies! I’ve not seen so many of them this summer. I used to capture a lot among our plants on our roof terrace, which is now gone. These are from Sicily while those in the circles were taken in Malta. Thank you! I’ll will reply and I’ll visit your site, as soon as I catch […]

via The Caterpillar Story… — Anitas Images

The Problem with “Pretty Girls” and Princesses — Discover

“Our world focuses on the looks of girls and the accomplishments of boys.” At OTV Magazine, Angela Noel reflects on the gendered compliments adults give children, and how they make it hard for girls to separate their self-worth from their appearance.

via The Problem with “Pretty Girls” and Princesses — Discover

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